Ramcharit Charcha CDLII

II Shree Guruvey namah II

Jai Shri Ram,

II Sri Ram jai Ram Jai Jai Ram II

II Sri ram Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram II

II Sri Ram Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram II

पितु हित भरत कीन्हि जसि करनी। सो मुख लाख जाइ नहिं बरनी।।
सुदिनु सोधि मुनिबर तब आए। सचिव महाजन सकल बोलाए।।
बैठे राजसभाँ सब जाई। पठए बोलि भरत दोउ भाई।।
भरतु बसिष्ठ निकट बैठारे। नीति धरममय बचन उचारे।।
प्रथम कथा सब मुनिबर बरनी। कैकइ कुटिल कीन्हि जसि करनी।।
भूप धरमब्रतु सत्य सराहा। जेहिं तनु परिहरि प्रेमु निबाहा।।
कहत राम गुन सील सुभाऊ। सजल नयन पुलकेउ मुनिराऊ।।
बहुरि लखन सिय प्रीति बखानी। सोक सनेह मगन मुनि ग्यानी।।
दो0-सुनहु भरत भावी प्रबल बिलखि कहेउ मुनिनाथ।
हानि लाभु जीवन मरनु जसु अपजसु बिधि हाथ।।171।।

We covered up to Doha 171 of Ayodhya Kand in Ramcharit Manas of Tulsidas in the last post and learned that Bharat meticulously performed the prescribed last rites of his father till the tenth day; later Guru Vashishtth, on an auspicious day sent for all the influential people of Ayodhya and all of them congregated in the assembly hall of the state. Muni Vashishtth then asked Bharat and Shatrughan too to come there and when they came he made Bharat sit near himself and addressed all saying a few words that contained gist of Niti (policy) and Dharma. He then related the whole story covering misguided and wily act Kaikeyi that brought Ayodhya to such a pass. He then praised King Dashrath for keeping honor of his words being righteous and truthful by nature and also for demonstrating his unwavering love for Shri Ram by shedding life itself for He could not live without Him. Muni then recalled virtues of Shri Ram and His sober nature and also the love of Lakshman and of Sita for Shri Ram. Muni became upset and also emotional in the process and lastly he inconsolably declared to Bharat that life and death, loss or profit and honor or infamy are matters that are totally subject to divine order.

अस बिचारि केहि देइअ दोसू। ब्यरथ काहि पर कीजिअ रोसू।।
तात बिचारु केहि करहु मन माहीं। सोच जोगु दसरथु नृपु नाहीं।।
सोचिअ बिप्र जो बेद बिहीना। तजि निज धरमु बिषय लयलीना।।
सोचिअ नृपति जो नीति न जाना। जेहि न प्रजा प्रिय प्रान समाना।।
सोचिअ बयसु कृपन धनवानू। जो न अतिथि सिव भगति सुजानू।।
सोचिअ सूद्रु बिप्र अवमानी। मुखर मानप्रिय ग्यान गुमानी।।
सोचिअ पुनि पति बंचक नारी। कुटिल कलहप्रिय इच्छाचारी।।
सोचिअ बटु निज ब्रतु परिहरई। जो नहिं गुर आयसु अनुसरई।।
दो0-सोचिअ गृही जो मोह बस करइ करम पथ त्याग।
सोचिअ जति प्रंपच रत बिगत बिबेक बिराग।।172।।

Muni Vashishtth further advised all saying, “In light of what I just said, it is pointless to blame someone in particular and its futile to direct anger at some particular person (because the death of Dashrath, the Kaikeyi’s disgrace and loss of our opportunity to see Shri Ram as the king are events that were to happen as destined, in this light who did what is of no big importance).

“Son, there is no reason for you to be upset thinking about Dashrath, the King, as he hardly had any thing more to accomplish or achieve any other greater hieghts; only a Vipra (Brahmin) who remains without imbibing the knowledge of Vedas at the time of death is to be deplored that he did not pursue what he was duty bound being born as a Brahmin and became engrossed in worldly pleasures. Such king can be deplored who does not know what Niti (the right and desirable policy) is and who does not value his subjects as much as his own life.

“A wealthy person who is misery rather than being generous in welcoming guests or in spending to celebrate extensively while worshiping Lord Shiv is indeed disgraceful and does not understand his duties towards society and towards propagation of religion for masses.

“Of course the Shudras (that class of people in society who should serve others because there lies their strength but not in administration or in higher studies or in commerce due to some adverse factors or by their nature itself) who do condemn and harass Vipras (the learned Brahmins) and are arrogant, speak too much without authority or lack of knowledge but still take pride in whatever little they know, are to be seen as inexcusable and unfortunate.

“A woman who deceives or cheats her husband and is a schemer, is petulant and is only guided by her own will whether it conforms to honorable or expected behavior or not, might be despised and dishonorable.

“Even a student or a learner who does not maintain his Brahmcharya (resolve to be celibate and devoted to study of scriptures to know God) and does not obey the commands of Guru is unpardonable and is unholy.

“An householder who out of ignorance and stupor shuns his duties (like giving alms, looking after family and generating wealth for good of all) is to be thought as worthless and deviating from the right path and also a Yati (Sadhu or a recluse) who indulges in worldly activities because he has lost discretion and has forgotten to be dispassionate, is to be felt sorry for.”

(Guru Vashishtth told Bharat all this to give him an idea that there are duties which everyone has to discharge as per the role one assumes or is entrusted with, any deviation brings a bad name and in the end when one dies he dies with an agitated mind without being at peace, this is waste of a human life that one gets rarely hence people regret for him but in the case of the king nothing of this sort can be applied as he observed all duties and in end in his death he showed how a father should love a son. Muni also was preparing Bharat to come forward and take charge without any conflict because his duty as the eldest male in the ruling family present in Ayodhya called him to take care of the matters of state and look after the subjects.)

We have now covered up to Doha 172 of Ayodhya Kand.

Bhavani Shankar Ki Jai!
Sjri Jankivallabho Vijayatey!
Sant Samaj Ko Pranam!
Goswami Tulsidas ki jai!

HariOm,
Krishna Khandelwal

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